Thursday, September 3, 2020

Analysing legal text (The case of Mark v. Mark ) Study

Examining legitimate content (The of Mark v. Imprint ) - Case Study Example In any case, the topic of whether the separation ought to have experienced in Britain or in Nigeria was the underlying issue, and the examination introduced beneath gives a general synopsis of the circumstance. Since the couple was initially from Nigeria, and the spouse had been investing most of her energy in Britain and had chosen not to come back to her home in Nigeria, she petitioned for legal separation in Britain. Her significant other, in any case, didn't concur with this, and moved for a remain, expressing that the procedures ought to be chosen in Nigeria. The accompanying gives an outline of this case, and what and why the British court chose the manner in which it did. The two people associated with this case are from Nigeria, conceived in that nation in 1948 and 1950 separately. They were hitched by the law of the River State of Nigeria in 1979; the marriage around then was viewed as legitimate and polygamous, since the spouse had hitched at any rate two different wives preceding this one, and perhaps two progressively after. Between this specific couple, there were four kids, all conceived in the United Kingdom. Every one of the four kids have been conceded British citizenship. The spouse in this specific case served in the Nigerian armed force, and turned into a General just as getting associated with the administration following the military overthrow of 1983. During this timespan, he had the option to turn out to be very well off. He was presented on Washington in 1990. The spouse, then again, had been a legal counselor that had rehearsed in Nigeria. At the point when her better half went to Washington, she continued to take classes at Queen M ary College in London, investing energy either at school, in Nigeria, or with her significant other. She had gotten various section visas and had the option to come to Britain for as long as a half year at once until March of 1997. Another overthrow happened in November 1993, and the spouse didn't concur with the new ruler, General Abacha. Subsequently, he left the military and chose to leave Nigeria for Britain. The couple at that point continued to set up a residential home here. The spouse had the option to acquire a multi year work grant that would permit him to stay in the nation for that time. The spouse was likewise permitted to remain for a more extended timeframe than her different passage visa initially permitted. After this, the spouse was given inconclusive leave to remain in Britain on account of two of the kids. The spouse was out of the nation, in Florida at that point, and was excluded from this choice. At the point when she needed to return, she was permitted to enter for one day, however she remained longer. This implied she had gotten an over-stayer and was damaging segments 24(1)(b) and 24A of the Immigration Act 1971. Be that as it may, she was in the end conceded inconclusive leave, yet si mply after the case among she and her significant other had begun. In June 1998, General Abacha kicked the bucket, so the spouse returned to Nigeria to by and by seek after governmental issues. He in the end turned into a Senator in the Upper House of the Nigerian Parliament. Notwithstanding, he despite everything made outings to Britain so he could visit his better half and youngsters. Be that as it may, as time passed, the spouse for this situation surrendered any expectation of returning to her nation of origin as the most significant wife to the husband, and along these lines chose to remain in Britain. The spouse at that point gave a separation request on July 17, 2000. At the point when she did that, she just centered around her present home in Britain to find the court ward; this was later fixed to include a case

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Security Analysis and Portfolio Management Essay - 2

Security Analysis and Portfolio Management - Essay Example In view of a similar idea, the accompanying paper targets building up the estimation of stocks from promoted organizations, Exxon and Berkshire, in a given portfolio. The examination of the two stocks in this paper is accomplished through a system segment, results, and a finishing up comment. So as to achieve the principle target of this paper, two firms with promoted stocks were chosen: Exxon and Berkshire. The loads of Exxon and Berkshire were the primary information to be utilized in investigation and conversations. 10-years (from 2003 to 2013) of month to month stock value history for both Exxon and Berkshire were acquired from Yahoo Finance. Time arrangement of month to month returns were then gotten from the time arrangement of the month to month stock costs. Based on the time arrangement of month to month returns, annualized mean return, standard deviation and relationship of the stocks were determined. What's more, the examination additionally determined the loads on the base fluctuation portfolio that comprised of the stocks from Exxon and Berkshire. Information and results were introduced utilizing tables and diagrams. The information and results were utilized in completing the investigation and making up the determination. The 10-long stretches of month to month stock value history for both Exxon and Berkshire acquired from Yahoo Finance are remembered for Excel document connected. From the month to month stock costs, the month to month returns were built up. The aftereffects of the month to month returns set up from the month to month stock costs are represented in Figs. 1 and 2 using a period arrangement chart. Notwithstanding acquiring the profits and outlining them in the above charts, the determined annualized mean return, standard deviation, and relationship of the stocks are delineated in the accompanying tables. From the above table, the E(R) month to month for Exxon Mobil Corporation is bigger than the E(R) month to month for Berkshire Hathaway Incorporation, that is, 1.11% against 0.79%. Be that as it may, on the

Friday, August 21, 2020

Application project 1 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Application venture 1 - Essay Example Publicizing really can assist them with choosing the best thing. How else you would realize what toothpaste to pick. Do you have sufficient opportunity and cash to attempt all the items? In addition, new items show up day by day, and the errand of promotion is to educate purchasers regarding these progressions and enhancements. That is the reason promoting causes you to purchase precisely what you need. Speaker 1: Or it encourages you to purchase what you didn't require at all and, in addition, couldn't bear, yet promotion made you get it! That is the thing that I am discussing. Before Apple appearance no one idea that phones can be a piece of picture, and no one would accept that a student can set aside cash for snacks to purchase IPhone in light of the fact that she accepts that it will make her look at cooler without flinching of her friends. Also, that is because of publicizing which doesn't educate yet convinces purchasers with mental instruments. That is industrialism, when individuals quit picking deliberately yet get affected by the intensity of brand which is made with the assistance of notice. Speaker 2: Look, advertise has showed up when the human advancement showed up. Before Internet and TV period individuals were selling their items with the assistance of brilliant signs which were subbed by TV and Internet ads. It is a straightforward advancement. What's more, by and by individuals purchased the items which spoke to them most and were applicable to their comprehension of value. The young lady with IPhone watches the remainder of the phones' advertisements, and has a free decision which one to purchase. It is only that Apple sells results of high caliber that are somewhat costly for understudies, yet the relationship among quality and cost is completely ordinary. Speaker 1: I comprehend your point, however indeed before splendid ads individuals didn't understand what number of things they need! Have you seen these advertisements of beauty care products, dresses, devices with youthful and exquisite models? Promoting makes individuals feel that

Sunday, June 7, 2020

Gentrifications Impact on Homelessness - Free Essay Example

On average, about half a million people will spend tonight without a place to call home. There are myriad reasons, varying from individual to individual, but perhaps the most frustrating reason for an already established family to be uprooted from their home is gentrification. Gentrification, as defined by Merriam-Webster as, the process of repairing and rebuilding homes and businesses in a deteriorating area accompanied by an influx of middle-class or affluent people and that often results in the displacement of earlier, usually poorer residents.14 Many of these residents are only barely able to eke out a living in these lower-class neighborhoods; when they are kicked out either by landlords or unsustainably high costs of living, they will most likely require longer than most to get their assets in order, resulting in a prolonged period of homelessness.. This accidental targeting of lower class individuals is something people seldom consider when moving into a newly renovated neighborhood. Homelessness is essentially a housing issue, so it is safe to say that as housing prices increase, so does the homeless population. However, there are actions to be taken to help those in need: various types of federal housing programs specifically designed to aid struggling families financially and physically. Gentrification can be defined as the process of refining and revamping a district so it conforms to middle-class taste. As gentrification causes real estate market to increase prices on housing, the numbers in the homeless population incrementally escalates. Households that are below the median income are often at risk for not being able to afford housing. One of the causes for increases in housing prices is the Starbucks Effect. A real estate research group called Zillow found that between 1997 and 2014, homes within a quarter mile of a Starbucks increased in value by 96 percent, on average.1 Julie Lerch, a woman mentioned in the website, can confirm the Starbucks effect. A little over a year after she moved into her condo in Chicago, a Starbucks opened approximately 1-2 blocks away from her. Three years later, she sold her 2-bedroom condo for $100,000, which is 53 percent more than what she paid for.1 Across the metro areas, cities such as Chicago, Boston, Washington, and Philadelphia, homes near a Starbucks are generally more preferential than homes without. In Chicago, the median value of homes near Starbucks rose 59 percent.2 In an excerpt from the book Zillow Talk, CEO Spencer Rascoff and Chief Economist Stan Humphries came to the conclusion that: In Boston, the median value of all homes in 1997 was $155,600, and that increased b y December 2013 to $351,100, an increase of 125.6 percent. Boston homes within a quarter mile of a Starbucks in January 1997 were valued at a median of $175,930. In December 2013, their median value was $476,778 a 171 percent increase.3 From the quote above, we can see that Starbucks has made its mark in Boston. Another popular coffee chain is Dunkin Donuts. As Dunkin Donuts are being built near homes, their price value increases but not as high as Starbucks. Shwartz4 In the graph above, we see that with the placement of Dunkin Donuts in certain areas, the cost in housing does increase. However, with Starbucks, the housing prices differ up to 50K which could be a detrimental difference when owning a home. The affordability and availability of the general housing market correlates with homelessness. The costs of living increases while household salaries remain the same. In a research conducted by the University of Utah, they saw that the housing affordability in Utah, over the long term, is threatened due to the difference in increases between housing prices and household income. From the study, they found that the annual rate of increase in housing prices 3.32% versus the annual rate of increase in household income which is only 0.36%7. To alleviate the pressures and fears of losing a home and ensure the preservation of housing affordability, existing affordable housing units should be protected. The nation loses more than 400,000 affordable housing units every year due to disinvestment and disrepair4. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) programs goal is to provide financial aid for supportive housing for low-income families. A branch within this program is called Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD). RADs primary purpose is to give public housing agencies a tool to protect and improve public housing properties. By doing this, RADs aim is to preserve these limited public housing units by converting them to other federal based housing assistance, an example would be project based vouchers15. As of October 2015, more than $2.5 billion of external funding has been raised for about 19,000 units.8 Four major programs that account for almost all of the federal spending on affordable housing assistance for people with low incomes are: Tenant-Based Assistance (TBRA), Project-Based Rental Assistance (synonymous for Project-Based Section 8), operating funds, and capital funds. Through this, the programs set a limit that allows tenants to pay no more than 30 percent of their income towards their rent. Together, all four programs stipulate affordable housing for more than 5 million people in over 2 million households16. A challenge that is faced when preserving affordable housing units can be seen in California. In order to address housing needs, California must be able to plan for the continuous building of housing developments. Unstable subsidy can make it difficult when planning for new, affordable housing development over time. It also makes it difficult to narrow down construc tion, fees, and program requirements18. In the figure below, we see that the decline in federal HOME and Community Development Block Grant funding to California between 2003 and 2015. In general, funding levels for federal housing programs have slowly decreased over the years. Several families endure additional challenges besides the affordability of available homes. For example, people who leaving homelessness might not have a sufficient credit score that is required to rent a home or apartment. Even with the Housing Choice Vouchers that aid with rent, it is still difficult for many households to find affordable homes. On a more positive note, a more recent action that took place in San Diego in efforts to preserve and create more affordable housing units. At the beginning of September 2018, San Diegos Housing Commission announced that they will administer up to $50 million to build and preserve affordable housing and rental units. Los Angeles County also has leveraged $1.7 billion in public and private funds towards the construction and preservation of 3.362 affordable apartments over the last five years19. Two-thirds of those apartments are reserved for persons that are dealing with homelessness, mental illness, and physical disabilities. According to a report by the County Chief Executive Office and the Community Development Commission/Housing Authority of the County of Los Angeles has helped house over 21,000 households though the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program19. In the time frame of 2017-2018, a total of 29,081 families have been assisted with housing matters through the County Chief Executive Office and the Community Development Commission/Housing Authority of the County of Los Angeles. An additional approach to fight against the negatives of gentrification was a program that was established specifically for homelessness is rapid re-housing. Rapid re-housing is an intervention that helps individuals and families experiencing homelessness to return to permanent homes as quickly as possible. Rapid re-housing was developed by local service providers attempting to address a specific problem in their communities: homelessness13. These providers saw that there were many families either in temporary housing si tuations or just homeless due to the lack of housing affordability. This is done through housing identification, and move-in assistance, and case management.10 Housing identification is the process when households are matched to their appropriate and affordable housing. Move-in assistance is a time-limited financial support that is provided to help individuals and families get back on their feet. Case management services are provided to help the families and individuals understand the barriers of homelessness and how they can prevent it. For example, these services include addressing credit history and lease agreements etc. After they receive housing, these services also provide knowledge in other amenities such as public benefits, employment, and health care etc. A study called the Family Options Study found that the average program cost for rapid re-housing was approximately $6,578, rather than $16,829 for an emergency shelter10. In 2014, 29,506 beds, funded from multiple sources, was obligated to rapid re-housing for families across the country13. This represented about 8 percent of beds for homeless families which increased from 2013 which was 5 percent, represented in the graph below. An additional benefit from rapid re-housing is that it has lower barriers to entry rather than other housing programs such as project-based transitional housing. For example, only 10 percent of families reviewed for rapid re-housing were unable to gain it while 17 percent of families reviewed for project-based transitional housing were unable to gain housing13. An evaluation was conducted by HUDs to see the statistics of families that entered rapid re-housing. Of the 23 sites that received funding for rapid re-housing: Over one-fifth (22 percent) exit in fewer than 30 days, 11 percent exit in 31 to 60 days, 34 percent exit in 61 to 180 days, 22 percent exit in 181 to 365 days, and 9 percent exit in 366 to 547 days (HUD 2013b). 13 Nation-wide, about 82 percent of families who entered rapid re-housing exited successfully into permanent housing (from summary report on year two of HPRP (HUD 2013b). Several studies of this found that the rates of these individuals and families returning back to becoming homeless are low. Although the rates are low, most families that leave rapid re-housing, about 76 percent, move to another home at least once13. There were also families that faced challenges after exiting the program. In all, 70 percent worried about food security, 57 percent struggled with money for rent, 14 percent had a child expelled or susp ended from school within the last year, and 17 percent reported deteriorating health (Oliva 2014; Spellman 2015).13 Despite the statistics above, the rates of individuals that go back to becoming homeless are lower than the years before. Although gentrification is seen as a positive action on neighborhoods among the upper-middle class, it has a negative effect on the lower-class individuals and families. By pushing out these lower-class individuals to build more fancy buildings that fit the upper-middle classs standards and aesthetics, it leaves the lower-class individuals homeless in the dust. Homelessness is the mere product of economic and societal policy choices. This accidental targeting of lower-class individuals makes it hard for them to find affordable housing. A possible solution that was previously mentioned were the various types of housing programs specifically designed to aid homeless families financially and physically by giving a temporary home and then placing them into permanent homes after. These programs are specifically designed to help individuals that have been removed from their homes get back on feet. Data from the rapid re-housing program has shown that it reduces returns to homelessness. According to the Annual Homeless Assessment Reports of 2017, it seems that these federal housing programs helped in the decrease of the homeless population. Homeless families with children had decreased by 5.4 percent throughout the nation since 2016. The report also found that 553,742 people experienced homelessness in the United States which is only a 0.7 increas e since 2016 and a 13.1 percent decrease since 201012. Thirty states have reported decreases in homelessness between 2016 and 2017. Works Cited Markets Where Starbucks Boosts Home Values the Most. Mortgage Learning Center, 28 Oct. 2016, Anderson, Jamie. Starbucks: Inspiring and Nurturing the Human Spirit by Caffeinating Home Values. Mortgage Learning Center, 3 May 2016, Cappadona, Bryanna. Zillows Starbucks Effect Has Venti-Sized Holes. Boston Magazine, Boston Magazine, 12 Mar. 2015, Schwartz, Elaine. How the Starbucks Effect Relates to Housing Prices. Econlife, 12 Sept. 2018, 15. Â 18.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Zirconium Facts (Atomic Number 40 or Zr)

Zirconium is a gray metal that has the distinction of being the last element symbol, alphabetically, of the periodic table. This element finds use in alloys, particularly for nuclear applications. Here are more zirconium element facts: ZirconiumBasic Facts Atomic Number: 40 Symbol: Zr Atomic Weight: 91.224 Discovery: Martin Klaproth 1789 (Germany); zircon mineral is mentioned in biblical texts. Electron Configuration: [Kr] 4d2 5s2 Word Origin: Named for the mineral zircon. Persian zargun: gold-like, which describes the color of the gemstone known as zircon, jargon, hyacinth, jacinth, or ligure. Isotopes: Natural zirconium consists of 5 isotopes; 28 additional isotopes have been characterized. The most common natural isotope is 90Zr, which accounts for 51.45 percent of the element. Of the radioisotopes, 93Zr has the longest half-life, which is 1.53x106 years. Properties: Zirconium is a lustrous grayish-white metal. The pure element is malleable and ductile, but the metal becomes hard and brittle when it contains impurities. Zirconium resists corrosion from acids, alkalis, water, and salt, but it does dissolve in hydrochloric or sulfuric aicd. Finely-divided metal may ignite spontaneously in air, especially at elevated temperatures, but the solid metal is relatively stable. Hafnium is found in zirconium ores and is difficult to separate from zirconium. Commercial-grade zirconium contains from 1% to 3% hafnium. Reactor-grade zirconium is essentially free of hafnium. Uses: Zircaloy(R) is an important alloy for nuclear applications. Zirconium has a low absorption cross section for neutrons, and is therefore used for nuclear energy applications, such as for cladding fuel elements. Zirconium is exceptionally resistant to corrosion by seawater and many common acids and alkalis, so it is used extensively by the chemical industry where corrosive agents are employed. Zirconium is used as an alloying agent in steel, a getter in vacuum tubes, and as a component in surgical appliances, photoflash bulbs, explosive primers, rayon spinnerets, lamp filaments, etc. Zirconium carbonate is used in poison ivy lotions to combine with urushiol. Zirconium alloyed with zinc becomes magnetic at temperatures below 35 °K. Zirconium with niobium is used to make low temperature superconductive magnets. Zirconium oxide (zircon) has a high index of refraction and is used as a gemstone. The impure oxide, zirconia, is used for laboratory crucibles that will withstand heat sh ock, for furnace linings, and by the glass and ceramic industries as a refractory material. Occurrence: Zirconium does not exist as a free element, primarily due to its reactivity with water. The metal has a concentration of around 130 mg/kg in the Earths crust and 0.026 ÃŽ ¼g/L  in sea water. Zirconium is found in S-type stars, the Sun, and meteorites. Lunar rocks contain a zirconium oxide concentration comparable to that of terrestrial rocks. The primary commercial source of zirconium is the silicate mineral zircon (ZrSiO4), which occurs in Brazil, Australia, Russia, South Africa, India, the United States, and in smaller amounts elsewhere in the world. Health Effects: The average human body contains about 250 milligrams of zirconium, but the element serves no known biological function. Dietary sources of zirconium include whole wheat, brown rice, spinach, eggs, and beef. Zirconium is found in antiperspirants and water purification systems. Its use as a carbonate to treat poison ivy has been discontinued because some people experienced skin reactions. While zirconium exposure is generally considered safe, exposure to the metal powder can cause skin irritation. The element is not considered to be either genotoxic or carcinogenic. Crystal Structure: Zirconium has an alpha phase and a beta phase. At room temperature, the atoms form close-packed hexagonal ÃŽ ±-Zr. At 863  Ã‚ °C, the structure transitions to body-centered ÃŽ ²-Zr. Zirconium Physical Data Element Classification: Transition Metal Density (g/cc): 6.506 Melting Point (K): 2125 Boiling Point (K): 4650 Appearance: grayish-white, lustrous, corrosion-resistant metal Atomic Radius (pm): 160 Atomic Volume (cc/mol): 14.1 Covalent Radius (pm): 145 Ionic Radius: 79 (4e) Specific Heat (20 °C J/g mol): 0.281 Fusion Heat (kJ/mol): 19.2 Evaporation Heat (kJ/mol): 567 Debye Temperature (K): 250.00 Pauling Negativity Number: 1.33 First Ionizing Energy (kJ/mol): 659.7 Oxidation States: 4 Lattice Structure: Hexagonal Lattice Constant (Ã…): 3.230 Lattice C/A Ratio: 1.593 References Emsley, John (2001). Natures Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 506–510. ISBN 0-19-850341-5.Lide, David R., ed. (2007–2008). Zirconium. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 4. New York: CRC Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-8493-0488-0.Meija, J.; et al. (2016). Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report). Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305 Return to the Periodic Table

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

William Armitage And Robert Browning s The Clown Punk And...

Explore the ways writers present strong feelings and/or feelings Both Simon Armitage and Robert Browning who wrote â€Å" The clown punk† and â€Å"The last Duchess use form and structure to communicate â€Å"a voice†. sentiment dramatic monologue form feeling of murder, mystery, jealousy naive nature of the duchess many features range The poem Ozymandias written by Percy Shelley is about the narrator who meets a person that tells him about a story on what he saw. Ozymandias shows the nature of power of corruption over time. It is deeply ironic that the statue that is mentioned in the poem, of ozymandias, is broken and is in ruins. It is ironic because when Ozymandias was alive he thought he was powerful and untouchable . He thought he was the â€Å"king of kings†. This quote shows how Ozymandias thought of himself showing how pride has gone to his head . and he thought that he was better than all the kings, his attitude was very arrogant and conceited . Percy Shelley writes this poem in the form of a sonnet, typically written about love. He manipulates the poem to make it his own and fit in with the content. If the reader reads out the poem, they will pick up on the loose use of iambic pentameter. Half rhyme and assonance is also used which ruins the flow and makes the poem sound fractured. The poem has a very irregular pattern in which it mimics the decay by eventually altering the original rhyming pattern till it disappears with odd pattern. â€Å"Half sunk , a shatter’d visage lies† Only

The Value Profile of Bulgarians According to Hall and Hofstede Essay Sample free essay sample

When we talk about intercultural communicating. we consider civilization as a set of beliefs. moralss and values that determine the behaviour of states. Edward T. Hall divided civilizations harmonizing to their ways of pass oning. into high-context and low-context civilizations. Low-context civilizations are civilizations. which need expressed verbal words and information. in order to to the full understand the message. On the other manus a high-context civilization is a civilization where there is a batch of information environing the explicit verbal message. Peoples from a high context civilizations. and Bulgarians are one of them. frequently send more information implicitly. hold a wider web of household. friends. co-workers. clients and are maintaining themselves up to day of the month with the people of import to them. and therefore be given to remain good informed on many topics. How we use clip is one of the most indifferent and certain ways to specify cultural differences har monizing to Hall. We will write a custom essay sample on The Value Profile of Bulgarians According to Hall and Hofstede Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Societies perceive and usage clip otherwise. doing struggles when spouses lack understanding of their cultural differences. Americans. defined as monochronic. pay attending to one thing at a clip. position clip linearly. and agenda and value clip otherwise than make polychronic people. They require more information. adhere to a program of action. and stress promptitude. Conversely. polychronic people. such as Bulgarians. are more time-flexible. execute many undertakings at one time. alteration programs frequently and easy. be given to construct lifetime relationships. and basal promptitude on relationships. When it comes to mensurating cultural differences. there is one individual who admiration a immense research and theoretical parts. His name is Geert Hofstede. He found that differences in values between civilizations could be reduced to four basic values. He calls them dimensions. The four cultural dimensions are: power distance. which has to make with the credence of a hierarchal or unequal power construction. Uncertainty turning away implies how civilizations deal with uncertainnesss of mundane life. Individualism indicates. whether the people perceive themselves as independent or collectivized. Masculinity/ Femininity signifies. whether the dominant values in society are achievement and success or caring for others and quality of life. If we explore the Bulgarian civilization with the aid of Hofstede theoretical account. we can acquire a good overview of the deep drivers of the Bulgarian civilization relation to other universe civilizations. Peoples in Bulgaria accept a hierarchal order in which everybody has a topographic point and which needs no farther justification. Hierarchy in an organisation is seen as reflecting built-in inequalities. centralisation is popular. subsidiaries expect to be told what to make and the ideal foreman is a benevolent tyrant. Bulgaria is more collectivized than individualist and in procedure to go more feminine than masculine. Bulgaria has a really high pe nchant for avoiding uncertainness. Countries exhibiting high uncertainness avoidence maintain stiff codifications of belief and behavior and are intolerant of irregular behavior and thoughts. In these civilizations there is an emotional demand for regulations. clip is money. people have an interior impulse to be busy and work hard. preciseness and promptness are the norm. invention may be resisted. security is an of import component in single motive.